Terrorism: Definition of terrorism
Squeezing and summarizing their views, Quintiliano argued that terrorism is "a way to control the masses and paralyze their actions through psychological restrictions and intimidation of criminals. Its result is the condition of violence caused by insulation, as a result of the sequence of acts of violence committed in order to cause terror in a certain environment, terrain or country and through its international generalization.
Terrorism is a criminal act, often symbolic by its nature, in order to influence the public, standing for direct victims. According to the definition given by the US Department of Defense, terrorism is the estimated use of violence or threats with violence to achieve political, religious or ideological purposes by implementing fear or using intimidation, or coercion.
Conceptual distinctions regarding terrorist phenomenon depend on the nature of the internal and foreign policy of the governments of each state. Almost every sovereign state reserves political and legal authority to determine what is terrorism, and what is not, in the context of its internal and external affairs. In the US, even state bodies do not define terrorism. For example, the FBI determines it as "the illegal use of force or violence against people or individuals in order to intimidating or coercion of the government and civilians, taking into account the achievement of political or social goals." For its part, the CIA believes that international terrorism is terrorism produced by foreign governments or organizations aimed against some governments or targeted organizations (internal or foreign).
A comprehensive definition of terrorism is difficult to submit, given that, in the opinion of some authors (George Ardevoica, Dumitru Idily, Dan Nice - Terrorism, the fight against terrorism, the fight against terrorism - historical, current affairs, prospects), throughout the world this phenomenon is currently It is characterized in different ways. There were only more than 200 attempts to scientific and legislative definition of terrorism.
An interesting approach to the problem of determining terrorism is the approach of two Dutch researchers from Leiden University Alex Schmid and Albert Yongman, who collected 109 academic and official definitions of terrorism and analyzed their main elements. After research, they concluded that the element of violence was present in 83.5% of them, a political goal was 65%, and 51% emphasized the element that causes a feeling of fear and terror. Only 21% mentioned the non-discriminatory nature of the selected goals and only 17.5% included victimization of civilians or authorities. Best guide for beginners related to forex trading in South AFrica on https://justforex.com/education/forex-articles/top-successful-traders-in-south-africa . Read more.